What is Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Traumatic brain injury, often referred to as TBI, is associated with loss of consciousness for over thirty minutes and memory loss following the injury or penetrating skull injury for more than 24 hours. Survivors may be left with limited function of arms or legs, abnormal speech or language, loss of cognitive (thinking) ability or emotional problems, depending upon the extent of brain damage and location of injury. The range of cognitive, emotional and behavioural difficulties that often occur after injury to the frontal lobes of the brain is referred to as executive dysfunction. Impairment of executive functions is common after the injury and can have a devastating impact on the patient’s family, job and social relationships.

 

What Causes TBI?

Executive functions are controlled by the frontal lobes, which cover a large part of the front of the brain, directly behind the forehead. In cases of TBI, injury to the frontal lobes is the most common cause of executive dysfunction. Their location at the front of the brain and large size makes frontal lobes particularly vulnerable to injury. A blow to the back of the head can also cause injury to the frontal lobes, as the brain is knocked back and forth in the skull and the frontal lobes bang against bony ridges above the eyes. Since executive functions are involved in almost all routine activities, injury to the frontal lobe can cause deficit in cognitive (thinking) skills, personality and social behaviour.

 

Cerebra’s Treatment for Traumatic Brain Injury

Cerebra TurboBrain (CTB) harnesses the brain’s plasticity to enhance skills and recover lost functions. By providing Cerebral Blood Flow-based training to the brain’s prefrontal cortex, CTB can contribute to preserving the ability of brain cells to restructure themselves after an injury and rapidly restore cognitive functions. CTB accelerates the production of stem-cells (master cells with the ability to grow into any one of the body’s more than 200 cell types) in the brain which allow for the renewal and repair of any body tissue, including the brain.

Cerebra’s suite of brain enhancement and regeneration technologies includes Cerebra PhotoBioStim (CPBS), which uses coherent light to directly stimulate injured areas in the brain, all over the scalp. The basic biochemical pathways activated by CPBS, e.g., increased ATP production, and signaling pathways activated by reactive oxygen species, nitric oxide release, and increased cyclic adenosine monophosphate (AMP), all work together to produce beneficial effects in brains whose function has been compromised by traumatic brain injury. The use of CPBS on injured areas of the brain can restore their function to a substantial degree when initiated at the earliest possible post-injury stage.

Both CPBS and CTB offer great potential in the resolution of adult disorders, such as stroke, traumatic brain injury, depression, schizophrenia, Alzheimer’s, dementia, etc., and are already delivering promising results for affected people across Asia, including Mumbai and New Delhi. Please visit the Scientific Research section in the website to read about the vast amount of studies that is being done on CPBS and CTB technologies.

 

Why Early Intervention Is Important In Treatment for Traumatic Brain Injury

Intervening aggressively at an early stage is crucial in all neurological diseases, as the brain’s abilities declines sharply with each passing day. So, the earlier the intervention, the better the chances of arresting the decline in mental skills, which, once lost completely, may be almost impossible to regain.

Traumatic brain injury is a life-changing event that affects not only the patients themselves, but also their family members and caregivers. It can cause long-term damage unless there is early intervention, which is vital in order to improve the patient’s cognitive functions and quality of life, as well as reduce the caregiver’s burden. Timely treatment with CPBS and CTB training before irreversible damage occurs can help TBI survivors regain their lost skills.

Please visit the Success Stories section in the website to read heart-warming testimonials from TBI survivors and their caregivers of the remarkable benefits experienced after undergoing CPBS and CTB training.